Guo Ying The education is the foundation of the country. Whether an industry can develop healthy and sustainable, professional talent training and talent echelon construction are crucial, and all this only rely on the re -education or vocational training of employees is obviously obviously obviously is obviously that is obviously the re -education or vocational training of employees is obviously obviously. Not enough, the deeper needs are the professionalism of personnel. 1. The general overview of jewelry majors in colleges and universities Jewelry education. With the hotness of the jewelry market and the requirements for the comprehensive quality and professional skills of employees, the multi -level jewelry teaching system across the country is currently currently. Gradually formed, and showing strong pertinence. 1.1 The various types of schools are diverse The school running schools reflect the diversification of progress with the times. There are also many ways such as adult education and online education; both undergraduate and above knowledge -oriented higher education, as well as high -vocational and college technical secondary education; almost comprehensively cover all stages of secondary and senior education education. The universities in the country currently have more than 50 universities or vocational colleges, and jewelry identification and jewelry design are offered. Among them, the most famous of which are China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and China University of Geosciences (Wuhan). The Jewelry Academy, with a complete teaching and training plan, curriculum system, and the syllabus of various curriculums, have accumulated rich teaching experience in many years of teaching. The Great Wall College and Jiangcheng College of the two universities based on the two universities have also opened jewelry appraisal and other majors. Jewelry teaching units are all over the country. The cities located are characterized by developed economy, developed jewelry industry, and developed higher education. More than a dozen units including Beijing Academy of Fashion, Beijing Urban College, Beijing Commercial School, such as Guangzhou University, Guangzhou Panyu Vocational and Technical College Jewelry College, Shenzhen Vocational and Technical College Arts Design College, Shenzhen Senior Technical School and other units Essence 1.2 Student situation The students of jewelry majors are still undergraduate (one, two, three books) and colleges, including some master's degree and a few doctoral graduate students. At the same time Students from higher vocational, high school, technical secondary school. According to incomplete statistics, the annual enrollment scale is close to 10,000 people. The employment of graduates is better as a whole, and there are more directions. The employment of technical secondary school, higher vocational, and college is mainly based on the front line of sales. Major companies, stores, etc. have a large gap every year; in addition to a few of them go abroad, a considerable part of the postgraduate army, such as China's geological geology, such as Chinese geology Nearly 50%of the undergraduates of gems and materials of college (Beijing) (Beijing) and materials and craftsmanship directly admitted to graduate students directly. In many directions, and a small number of students directly start their own business, they have also achieved gratifying results, bringing a lot of vitality to the jewelry industry; the employment of graduate students is mostly as teachers, entering industry associations, etc. There are many aspects such as management, and there are also a few independent entrepreneurship or changing their careers to other industries. . As of now, many jewelery students who have graduated from the science class have become a vital army in the industry. 1.3 The joining of "Treasure Second Generation" With the gradual maturity and development of the jewelry industry, the second generation of employees has also reached the age of entering the higher education institutions. These "two -generation treasures" have heard the five colors of Bao Jade from a young age. For them, this is rare and different, but because of their personal preferences or successive family companies, many of them also joined. He came to the army of jewelry majors. Compared with other students who have no jewelry background, they have the advantages of being familiar with the gem and even the jewelry industry, and the choice of graduation direction is much more free, such as continuing to go abroad, such as luxury management and art, etc. The addition of the "Bao Second Generation" will undoubtedly become one of the important driving drivers of the Chinese jewelry industry. 1.4 The current status of Chinese jewelry professional education from 2011 ~ 2012 This years are two years of difficult and challenging for the Chinese jewelry industry. In the face of various unfavorable factors at home and abroad, survival, development, transformation, transformation And upgrade has become an urgent problem in front of jewelry companies. However, domestic jewelry education has not stagnated because of this, and the training of talents is still a long and arduous task. While consolidating the professional education foundation and quality education, jewelry majors have more sights on the platforms needed by domestic talents, and start to create innovative talents with strong hands -on ability. The China University of Geosciences (Beijing) has held many "appraisers" contests in the school since 2008. According to different semester, it is divided into different themes of "gem identification" and "diamond classification". The semester was held, and many students who were solid and diligent in their professional skills stood out, and they achieved good results in the training of international certificates such as FGAs that subsequently participated in the FGA. The training of hands -on talents is mainly based on the construction of in -school laboratories and the construction of off -campus internships and trainee bases in higher education. After years of hard work, many colleges and universities currently have several internship bases that can receive student internships. From various perspectives such as testing institutions, scientific research units, enterprises, industry media, etc., they aim to create a platform for students to contact the industry and make them adapt to advance adaptation in advance. After entering society, fast -paced and strong competition. At the same time, in 2009, the League Central Committee followed the work policy of the Party Central Committee to solve employment difficulties and began to start the construction of college trainee bases. According to the synthesis of many factors such as the location of the university, the scale of running the school, and the professional settings, the first batch of college student trainee bases was launched at the end of 2009. Essence Simultaneously requires that the trainee unit should be appropriately subsidized in the process of receiving students (undergraduate students) trainees, so as to obtain practical experience, they can also have a slight income to maintain the cost of off -campus trainees. The inscriptions of the internship base and the trainer base have brought closer the distance from the industry to the jewelery college students to help them locate university learning for 4 years. 2. The jewelry professional characteristics and talent training direction of colleges and universities The colleges and universities are mainly academic education. 2.1 Professional characteristics In according to the rapid development of the jewelry industry and the needs of new talents in all aspects, all the school units continue to adjust their school positioning and direction. The appraisal and jewelry design has gradually expanded into 10 different but interconnected majors. For example, the jewelry appraisal and marketing majors have strengthened marketing, emphasizing the jewelry planning and economic management major in management, and even art collection and investment. The professional settings can be said to be rich in adaptation to jewelry. The course settings are based on the basic "principles and methods of gem appraisal instruments", "Nonferrous Gem Science", "Diamonds", "Jade", "Gem Processing", "Jewelry Commerce" and other courses as the core courses, and then according to Different professional majors, strengthen various directions, such as the three major "composition" lessons of art design, "Design Software Application", "Jewelry Phase Skills", "Jewelry Carving wax", "Jewelry Gold Industry Production", etc. "Marketing", "Jewelry Jewelry Evaluation", "Sales Skills and Business Negotiations" courses have composed of "Jewelry Processing Technology" and "Design and Design Aesthetics" of the design direction gemstone and material technology. Overall, it is extended to develop in all directions after studying in large gem materials. 2.2 Professional levels are clear Due to the different levels of schooling and the purpose of running the school, jewelry students also showed multiple levels from doctoral students, master students, undergraduates, college students to higher vocational students, and technical students The status quo of the talked and targeted. Generally speaking, the training goals of graduate students are mainly scientific research. The undergraduate is mainly to emphasize the comprehensive quality of high professional skills. Technical school students, such as technical schools, require students to master the practical ability of identification and marketing. The training plan at different levels fully considers the characteristics of school running, students' acceptance ability, and multi -faceted problems such as job selection and employment in the future. The overall formation has formed a relatively independent and mutually integrated jewelry education system. 3. Some colleges and universities opened jewelry The universities that open jewelry majors in the country. Although it is distributed throughout the country, most of them have inherited the base of geological rock mine. Essence 3.1 China University of Geosciences (Beijing) This of China University of Geosciences (Beijing) Jewelry Institute was established in September 1995. It is one of the earliest higher education institutions in my country to carry out gem education and the opening of gemstones. At present, the Jewelry Academy has two undergraduate majors: gemstone and material technology, art design, doctorate in gemstology, and gemstology and art design. There are more than 500 full -time students, of which more than 400 undergraduates (including more than 10 international students) and more than 60 graduate students. The college currently has 31 faculty members, including 23 full -time teachers, 83%of the graduate degree among teachers, 44%of senior professional titles; 5 teachers have obtained qualification certificates for national registered jewelry and jade quality inspectors. The academic qualifications, majors and age structures of the college teachers are more rational. Since the recruitment of gemstone majors in 1988, China University of Geosciences (Beijing) has trained more than 2,000 professional and technical personnel such as gemstones and arts, and trained nearly 100 doctoral and master's degree students. A large number of gemstones learn all levels of professional talents. The advantages of the development of key disciplines of jewelry colleges with the help of school mineral studies, rock science, and mining plants. , Have achieved a group of representative teaching and scientific research results, published more than 100 papers, and wrote more than 10 textbooks and monographs. He undertakes a number of teaching reform projects, published a few teaching papers and design works, and won many teaching results awards. The college will adhere to the school -running philosophy of "specialty plus boutique", focusing on teaching, and gradually strengthening scientific research on gemstology; broaden gemstones and materials and related majors, art design and related design majors; based on jewelry The jewelry industry, for related fields, cultivate high -quality and high -skilled innovative jewelry talents that adapt to social needs; after efforts, the jewelry college will be built into a highly reputable college in China. 3.2 China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) News at Jewelry of China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) is a teaching and scientific research unit for jewelry education. In 1989, the Jewelry College opened the British Gem Association Gem Certificate Course through cooperation with the British Gem Association. It was the earliest college in my country to introduce an international gem education system, which greatly accelerated the pace of my country's gem education development. On the basis of studying the theory and skills of international modern gemstones, the Jewelry Academy has opened independent gem and diamond courses, established the GIC brand, and trains a large number of professional talents for my country's jewelry first. . As of now, the number of certificates of various certificates: FGA, DGA, GIC gemstology and diamond classification more than 5,000 people. At the same time, the Jewelry Academy is also one of the only three countries in the country's three countries in the country. The college has undertaken the educational task of undergraduate students in the direction of gemstones since 1994. In 2000, with the official approval of the Ministry of Education of the Ministry of Education in 2000, the undergraduate majors facing the market, future -oriented gemstones, and materials and crafts are established. The direction and jewelry design direction of the direction of the direction and jewelry are also trained to cultivate higher -level gemstones and doctoral students. In addition, jewelry students are cultivated through adult education and online education. It constitutes a multi -level jewelry education system. The well -known experts in the jewelry college in the jewelry industry. 77.8%of teachers with high -level titles such as professors and associate professors among the existing part -time teachers. 22%. It constitutes a teachers with exquisite business quality, high academic level, and dedication. Over the years, the Jewelry Academy has worked hard to carry out scientific research in the field of gemstones and academic exchanges at home and abroad. It has achieved important results in the research of diamonds, emeralds, non -ferrous gems, and organic gems such as pearls. Jewelry Academy is an important position for domestic and foreign academic exchanges for academic exchanges at home and abroad for the jewelry academic journal "Gem and Gem Study Magazine". 3.3 Other jewelry colleges (1) Shijiazhuang College of Economics: College of Gem and Materials and Technology -Gem and Materials Technology (2) Kunming University of Technology: Gem and Materials Technology Department -Gem and Materials Technology (3) Tianjin University of Commerce: Business School -Gem and Materials Technology n (4) Shanghai Jianqiao College: Department of Art Design — Learning (5) Guilin University of Science and Technology: School of Earth Sciences -Gem and Materials Crafts (6) Shanghai Tongji University: Gem Education Center 4. In addition to academic education, jewelry education also has a model of vocational education. Jewelry vocational education is characterized by high starting points, flexible school running methods, and short talent training cycles. The content emphasizes hands -on ability and learning. The teaching form is more diversified, which effectively compensates for some of the deficiencies of jewelry education. It complements and develops together, and has cultivated a large number of jewelry talents at all levels from multiple aspects and angles. The early jewelery vocational education, with gemstone identification as the entry point of teaching, cultivated professional talents for the early jewelry industry. With the improvement of talent requirements for the jewelry industry, vocational education has gradually developed from short -term training courses to more systematic and scientific certificates courses. This transformation marks that my country's jewelry vocational education is becoming increasingly mature, and it has also played a positive role in promoting the healthy development of my country's jewelry industry. 4.1 Domestic industry training Due to the rapid development of the jewelry industry, jewelry professionals are extremely lacking, making jewelry vocational education based on short -term training courses also developed rapidly to conduct professional training recognized in the industry. The earliest training for training is mainly related to the relevant institutions of the local and mining department. Start holding various types of training courses. The curriculum involves jewelry marketing, gem identification, diamond grading, emerald appraisal and commercial, jewelry design, jewelry processing, jewelry evaluation and other majors in the jewelry industry, and awarded the NGTC series certificate. Other training institutions include China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) Jewelry College (issued GIC series certificates), China Jewelry and Jade Jewelry Industry Association (formerly China Treasure Jade Association, GAC series certificates) and so on. 4.2 Occupational qualification training among the vocational qualification certificates issued by various countries in my country, the most influential is the five -level vocational qualification certificate issued by the former Ministry of Labor and Social Security, that is, primary skills (primary skills (primary skills ( Vocational qualification level 5), intermediate skills (level 4 of vocational qualifications), senior skills (professional qualification level), technician (vocational qualification level), senior technician (level first level). 2002 The Ministry of Labor established the "Jewelry Jewelry Vocational Skills Appraisal Guidance Center", which was attached to the Jewelry and Jewelry Management Center of the Ministry of Land and Resources, and established 23 jewelry vocational skills appraisal stations across the country. At present, the jewelry industry has been The species that have begun identification include precious metals, diamonds, and treasure jade inspectors, jewelry jewelry salespersons, precious metal jewelry handmade workmanship, precious metal jewelry mechanism workers, gem pioneering and other types of work. The cultivation of a large number of professionals has played a positive role in promoting the healthy development of the jewelry and jewelry industry. 4.3 Practice qualification training This with the highest gold content in the jewelry industry. And the "National Registered Jewelry Evaluation (CPVG)" qualification certificate jointly issued by the former Ministry of Personnel and the Ministry of Finance. The national registered jewelry and jade quality inspection (CGC) test is held every two years, with 4 subjects in the examination subjects, two subjects in theoretical examinations: "Basic theory and relevant laws and regulations" and "professional knowledge of gemstone"; Two subjects of practical examinations: "gem identification" and "diamond classification". Establish three pre -examination training stations: Beijing Station (National Inspection Jewelry Training Center), Wuhan Station (Jewelry College of China University of Geosciences), Shanghai Station. Since 1997, nine national exams have been held, and the test location has been located in Beijing. The national registered asset appraiser (jewelry) (CPVG) practice qualification examination is "jewelry appraisal and grading", "asset evaluation", "economic law", "jewelry evaluation theory and method", "jewelry evaluation case analysis" Five examination subjects. Among them, "jewelry identification and classification" is included in the jewelery and jade stone inspection (CGC) qualification examination; "asset assessment" and "economic law" can participate in the annual social unified examinations every year; The analysis "held the exam every two years, and the only CPVG training institution in the country was undertaken by the National Inspection Jewelry Training Center. It has held 4 national examinations since 2004. The test location is located in Beijing. 4.4 International professional training Foreign jewelry education is also mainly vocational education. The earliest introduction of our country's foreign education institutions was the Royal Gem Association of the United Kingdom. (Gem Course), and later opened DGA (Diamond Course) Certificate Course, other foreign training institutions such as GIA (American Gem Academy), HRD (Belgian Diamond Senior Parliament), GII (US International Gardena College), IGI (International Gem Institute ), ASA (American Evaluation Association), etc., conducts relevant training in China. 4.4.1 FGA fga is the gem appraiser qualification certificate of the British Gem Society (GEMA). The association was founded in 1908 and enjoys a famous international internationally. The FGA certificate was introduced in China in 1988 and adopted a full Chinese teaching method. There were examination centers in Beijing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Shanghai, and Wuhan. The test content: involved the nature of gems, formation and appearance; the structure and attributes of gems; the color and optical nature of gems; for the optical attributes of gem detection; ; Non -optical properties and testing techniques; magnifying the mirror technology, internal and external characteristics; gemstone precision processing; artificial, synthesis and imitation gemstone; gemstone and processing methods after processing; introduction of inorganic gemstones; introduction of organic gems. 4.4.2 GIA Muragusal Academy (GIA) was founded in 1931. It is currently the world's largest gem research and educational non -profit institution. The global recognized diamond grading system is founded by it. GIA's main certificate is gemstone appraisal diploma (G.G.). This diploma has always been regarded as an influential academic qualification certification by the industry, and practitioners who have obtained the title of G.G. are recognized as senior professionals in the jewelry industry worldwide. The test content: involving diamond appraisal standards and knowledge, gem synthesis and processing technology, precise identification of gemstones, use standard color system assessment diamond grades, etc. 4.4.3 IIG Igi (Institute), which is founded in the World Diamond Center in 1975, is the world's largest independent gemstology appraisal laboratory and gemstone research and education institution. The world's major diamond trading centers and central cities (Antwerp, New York, Toronto, Dubai, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Traviv, Los Angeles, Mumbai) have 15 laboratories and schools. Laboratory and educational scientific research services. advantages: there are many practical courses, more exercise practical operation and thinking ability, and the industry market is very tight. All courses are IGI's own teacher tutoring. This should be the only internationally insisted on it. Disadvantages: There is no elasticity in time, and it is necessary to take class for two consecutive weeks. 4.4.4 HRD HRD is called Diamond -HRD (Dutch name Hoge Raad Voor Diamant), the Chinese name is a senior Diamond Council in Belgium, located in the World Diamond Center Belgium Antwerp. But now it should not be called this name, because HRD's public welfare functions as a diamond parliament have been replaced by AWDC Antwerp World Diamond Center in recent years. At present, HRD is mainly identified.
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